22nd Bombardment Group
|Constituted as 22d Bombardment Group (Medium) on 22
Dec 1939. Activated on 1 Feb 1940. Trained with B-18 and B-26 aircraft,
and used the latter to fly antisubmarine patrols off the west coast, Dec 1941-Jan 1942.
Moved to the Southwest Pacific early in 1942, became part of Fifth AF, and served in
combat in that area until V-J Day. Attacked enemy shipping, installations, and airfields
in New Guinea and New Britain and supported ground forces in New Guinea, using B-26's
until Oct 1943 when B-25's were added. Continued to support the Allied offensive in New
Guinea, striking troop concentrations, installations, and shipping, being awarded a DUC
for knocking out enemy entrenchments (5 Nov 1943) that were preventing the advance of
Australian ground forces. Redesignated 22d Bombardment Group (Heavy) in Feb 1944. Equipped
with B-24's, bombed Japanese airfields, shipping, and oil installations in Borneo, Ceram,
and Halmahera. Began attacking the southern Philippines in Sep 1944 to neutralize Japanese
bases in preparation for the invasion of Leyte. From Dec 1944 to Aug 1945, struck
airfields and installations on Luzon, supported Australian ground forces on Borneo, and
bombed railways and industries in Formosa and China. Moved to Okinawa in Aug 1945 and flew
some armed reconnaissance missions over southern Japan.
Remained in the theater after the war as part of Far East Air Forces. Transferred, without personnel and equipment, to the Philippines in Nov 1945. Redesignated 22d Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) in Apr 1946. Transferred to Okinawa in May 1946, remanned in Jun, and equipped with B-29's. Moved to the US in May 1948. Assigned to Strategic Air Command. Redesignated 22d Bombardment Group (Medium) in Jul 1948. Moved temporarily to Okinawa in Jul 1950 and attached to Far East Air Forces for duty in the Korean War. Began combat immediately, and until Oct 1950 attacked marshalling yards, bridges, highways, airfields, and industries and supported UN ground forces in Korea. Returned to the US, Oct-Nov 1950. Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952.
Decorations: Distinguished Unit Citations:
Insigne:. Shield: Azure, a cougar's left gamb erased palewise claws to base or armed guiles. Motto:DUCEMUS - "We Lead". (Approved 19 Jun 1941.)