323rd Bombardment Group
|Constituted as 323rd Bombardment Group (Medium) on 19
Jun 1942. Activated on 4 Aug 1942. Trained with B-26's. Moved to England,
Apr-Jun 1943. Assigned first to Eighth AF and, in Oct 1943, to Ninth AF. Began operations
in Jul 1943, attacking marshalling yards, airdromes, industrial plants, military
installations, and other targets in France, Belgium, and Holland. Then carried out
numerous attacks on V-weapon sites along the coast of France. Attacked airfields at
Leeuwarden and Venlo in conjunction with the Allied campaign against the German Air Force
and aircraft industry during Big Week, 20-25 Feb 1944. Helped to prepare for the invasion
of Normandy by bombing coastal defenses, marshalling yards, and airfields in France;
struck roads and coastal batteries on 6 Jun 1944. Participated in the aerial barrage that
assisted the breakthrough at St Lo in Jul. Flew its first night mission after moving to
the Continent in Aug, striking enemy batteries in the region of St Malo. Carried out other
night missions during the month to hit fuel and ammunition dumps. Eliminated strong points
at Brest early in Sep and then shifted operations to eastern France to support advances
against the Siegfried Line. Received a DUC for actions (24-27 Dec 1944) during the Battle
of the Bulge when the group effectively hit transportation installations used by the enemy
to bring reinforcements to the Ardennes. Flew interdictory missions into the Ruhr and
supported the drive into Germany by attacking enemy communications. Ended combat in Apr
1945 and moved to Germany in May to participate in the disarmament program. Returned to
the US in Dec. Inactivated on 12 Dec 1945.
Redesignated 323rd Bombardment Group (Light). Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 9 Sep 1947. Ordered to active duty on 10 Mar 1951. Inactivated on 17 Mar 1951.
Redesignated 323d Fighter-Bomber Group. Activated on 8 Aug 1955. Assigned to Tactical Air Command.
Decorations: Distinguished Unit Citation: Belgium and Germany, 24-27 Dec1944.
Insigne: Shield: Per bend gules and azure, a bend between a mailed dexter gauntlet grasping a dagger and the winged hat of Mercury argent. Motto: VINCAMUS SINE TIMORIS-- " Without Fear We Conquer." (Approved 16 Feb 1943. This insigne was replaced 21 Jun 1957.)